They naturally cool our environment when it’s hot, providing shade to buildings, sidewalks, parks, and outdoor cafes, and restoring moisture to the air. As a result, they make it pleasant to walkabout, even downtown. They contribute significantly to reducing crime and they increase property values.
Trees improve public health. In addition to lowering temperatures, they reduce illnesses related to heat, and they provide sheltered places to relax, socialize, or be physically active.
Trees are environmentally useful in many other ways. They filter air pollutants, hold storm water, buffer noise, add beauty to streets and other public spaces, and serve as habitat for birds and other wildlife. As a result, they add important features to our city’s resilience against future weather and climate changes.
San Diego has an Urban Forest Management Five-Year Plan, stating goals of increasing the city’s overall tree canopy and improving its maintenance. But this plan is not being implemented properly, largely because it is underfunded and understaffed.
I want to take a fresh look at the plan, further increase the size of our urban forest, and allocate the staff and budget to keep it healthy.
San Diego contains about one million trees, including 200,000 city-owned street trees, for a total tree canopy coverage of about 13%. This is far fewer trees per acre than other U.S. cities such as Boston, Miami, Seattle, and Sacramento. The Climate Action Plan sets a goal of having tree canopy coverage over 15% of the city by 2020. That requires planting over half a million mature trees or several million small ones. Yet, we currently are only planting a few thousand street trees a year, plus those being planted on private property. We need to dramatically increase those numbers. And the trees we plant must be the right tree in the right place of high-quality, properly planted, and given sufficient after care and water. Otherwise, many will wither or die.
The city offers property owners free street trees to be planted in the public right of way along their property frontage. But this program is not well publicized and therefore underutilized. We also should be providing incentives to owners to plant trees within their own property.
I will lead a campaign to plant more trees throughout the city, and will personally join with community residents and businesses to plant trees in every district.
Urban forests require regular care and attention, including watering, pruning, and sometimes removal. Diseased trees, as well as trees that are inappropriate for their location or have excessive water requirements, should be replaced with suitable trees. All of that requires a commitment of ongoing funding and staffing, sufficient to ensure that our urban forest thrives. Providing those resources is a good investment, as urban trees provide three times the value in benefits to the community as the cost of maintaining them. In addition to the city, funding and volunteer efforts can come from homeowner associations, business improvement districts, local businesses, local non-profits, residents, and others interested in enhancing the quality of life and sustainability of our city.